Decolonizing Dialectics

Decolonizing Dialectics Author George Ciccariello-Maher
ISBN-10 9780822373704
Year 2017-01-13
Pages 256
Language en
Publisher Duke University Press
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Anticolonial theorists and revolutionaries have long turned to dialectical thought as a central weapon in their fight against oppressive structures and conditions. This relationship was never easy, however, as anticolonial thinkers have resisted the historical determinism, teleology, Eurocentrism, and singular emphasis that some Marxisms place on class identity at the expense of race, nation, and popular identity. In recent decades, the conflict between dialectics and postcolonial theory has only deepened. In Decolonizing Dialectics George Ciccariello-Maher breaks this impasse by bringing the work of Georges Sorel, Frantz Fanon, and Enrique Dussel together with contemporary Venezuelan politics to formulate a dialectics suited to the struggle against the legacies of colonialism and slavery. This is a decolonized dialectics premised on constant struggle in which progress must be fought for and where the struggles of the wretched of the earth themselves provide the only guarantee of historical motion.

Building the Commune

Building the Commune Author George Ciccariello-Maher
ISBN-10 9781784782245
Year 2016-11-01
Pages 144
Language en
Publisher Verso Books
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Latin America’s experiments in direct democracy Since 2011, a wave of popular uprisings has swept the globe, taking shape in the Occupy movement, the Arab Spring, 15M in Spain, and the anti-austerity protests in Greece. The demands have been varied, but have expressed a consistent commitment to the ideals of radical democracy. Similar experiments began appearing across Latin America twenty-five years ago, just as the left fell into decline in Europe. In Venezuela, poor barrio residents arose in a mass rebellion against neoliberalism, ushering in a government that institutionalized the communes already forming organically. In Building the Commune, George Ciccariello-Maher travels through these radical experiments, speaking to a broad range of community members, workers, students and government officials. Assessing the projects’ successes and failures, Building the Commune provides lessons and inspiration for the radical movements of today. From the Trade Paperback edition.

We Created Ch vez

We Created Ch  vez Author George Ciccariello-Maher
ISBN-10 9780822354529
Year 2013-04-17
Pages 320
Language en
Publisher Duke University Press
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This history of Venezuelan politics from below tells how militants, students, women, Afro-indigeneous peoples, and the working-class brought about Venezuela's Bolivarian Revolution and, ultimately, brought Hugo Chávez to power.

Africana Critical Theory

Africana Critical Theory Author Reiland Rabaka
ISBN-10 9780739128862
Year 2010
Pages 431
Language en
Publisher Lexington Books
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Africana Critical Theory innovatively identifies and analyzes continental and diasporan African contributions to classical and contemporary critical theory through the works of W. E. B. Du Bois, C.L.R. James, Aime Cesaire, Leopold Senghor, Frantz Fanon, and Amilcar Cabral.

The End of Progress

The End of Progress Author Amy Allen
ISBN-10 9780231540636
Year 2016-01-12
Pages 304
Language en
Publisher Columbia University Press
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While post- and decolonial theorists have thoroughly debunked the idea of historical progress as a Eurocentric, imperialist, and neocolonialist fallacy, many of the most prominent contemporary thinkers associated with the Frankfurt School—Jürgen Habermas, Axel Honneth, and Rainer Forst—have persistently defended ideas of progress, development, and modernity and have even made such ideas central to their normative claims. Can the Frankfurt School’s goal of radical social change survive this critique? And what would a decolonized critical theory look like? Amy Allen fractures critical theory from within by dispensing with its progressive reading of history while retaining its notion of progress as a social imperative, so eloquently defended by Adorno and Foucault. Critical theory, according to Allen, is the best resouce we have for achieving emancipatory social goals. In reimagining a decolonized critical theory after the end of progress, she rescues it from oblivion and gives it a future.

Twenty Theses on Politics

Twenty Theses on Politics Author Enriqué Dussel
ISBN-10 9780822389446
Year 2008-11-18
Pages 180
Language en
Publisher Duke University Press
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First published in Spanish in 2006, Twenty Theses on Politics is a major statement on political philosophy from Enrique Dussel, one of Latin America’s—and the world’s—most important philosophers, and a founder of the philosophy of liberation. Synthesizing a half-century of his pioneering work in moral and political philosophy, Dussel presents a succinct rationale for the development of political alternatives to the exclusionary, exploitative institutions of neoliberal globalization. In twenty short, provocative theses he lays out the foundational elements for a politics of just and sustainable coexistence. Dussel first constructs a theory of political power and its institutionalization, taking on topics such as the purpose of politics and the fetishization of power. He insists that political projects must criticize or reject as unsustainable all political systems, actions, and institutions whose negative effects are suffered by oppressed or excluded victims. Turning to the deconstruction or transformation of political power, he explains the political principles of liberation and addresses matters such as reform and revolution. Twenty Theses on Politics is inspired by recent political transformations in Latin America. As Dussel writes in Thesis 15, regarding the liberation praxis of social and political movements, “The winds that arrive from the South—from Nestor Kirchner, Tabaré Vásquez, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Evo Morales, Hugo Chávez, Fidel Castro, and so many others—show us that things can be changed. The people must reclaim sovereignty!” Throughout the twenty theses Dussel engages with Latin American thinkers and activists and with radical political projects such as the World Social Forum. He is also in dialogue with the ideas of Marx, Hegel, Habermas, Rawls, and Negri, offering insights into the applications and limits of their thinking in light of recent Latin American political thought and practice.

An Introduction to Dialectics

An Introduction to Dialectics Author Theodor W. Adorno
ISBN-10 9780745694894
Year 2017-03-09
Pages 336
Language en
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
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This volume comprises Adorno?s first lectures specifically dedicated to the subject of the dialectic, a concept which has been key to philosophical debate since classical times. While discussing connections with Plato and Kant, Adorno concentrates on the most systematic development of the dialectic in Hegel's philosophy, and its relationship to Marx, as well as elaborating his own conception of dialectical thinking as a critical response to this tradition. Delivered in the summer semester of 1958, these lectures allow Adorno to explore and probe the significant difficulties and challenges this way of thinking posed within the cultural and intellectual context of the post-war period. In this connection he develops the thesis of a complementary relationship between positivist or functionalist approaches, particularly in the social sciences, as well as calling for the renewal of ontological and metaphysical modes of thought which attempt to transcend the abstractness of modern social experience by appeal to regressive philosophical categories. While providing an account of many central themes of Hegelian thought, he also alludes to a whole range of other philosophical, literary and artistic figures of central importance to his conception of critical theory, notably Walter Benjamin and the idea of a constellation of concepts as the model for an 'open or fractured dialectic' beyond the constraints of method and system. These lectures are seasoned with lively anecdotes and personal recollections which allow the reader to glimpse what has been described as the 'workshop' of Adorno?s thought. As such, they provide an ideal entry point for all students and scholars in the humanities and social sciences who are interested in Adorno?s work as well as those seeking to understand the nature of dialectical thinking.

Against War

Against War Author Nelson Maldonado-Torres
ISBN-10 0822341700
Year 2008-04-09
Pages 342
Language en
Publisher Duke University Press
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Nelson Maldonado-Torres argues that European modernity has become inextricably linked with the experience of the warrior and conqueror. In Against War, he develops a powerful critique of modernity, and he offers a critical response combining ethics, political theory, and ideas rooted in Christian and Jewish thought. Maldonado-Torres focuses on the perspectives of those who inhabit the underside of Western modernity, particularly Jewish, black, and Latin American theorists. He analyzes the works of the Lithuanian-born French-Jewish philosopher and religious thinker Emmanuel Levinas, the Martiniquean psychiatrist and political thinker Frantz Fanon, and the Catholic Argentinean-Mexican philosopher, historian, and theologian Enrique Dussel. Considering Levinas's notion of the self in relation to French liberalism and Nazi racial politics, Maldonado-Torres elaborates a "master morality" of dominion and control at the heart of racial policies, imperial projects, and wars of invasion. He refines the outlines of modernity's war paradigm via Fanon's phenomenology of the colonized and racial self. Critiquing Levinas and Fanon, each through the thought of the other, Maldonado-Torres formulates an ethical conception of subjectivity. He draws on Dussel to provide a genealogy of the modern imperial and warring self. Maldonado-Torres's argument culminates in his theorization of race as the naturalization of war's death ethic. With Against War, Maldonado-Torres advances the de-colonial turn, which posits ethics as the primary antidote to problems with Western conceptions of freedom, autonomy, and equality, and insists on the necessity of politics to forge a world where ethical relations become the norm rather than the exception.

Prisoners of the American Dream

Prisoners of the American Dream Author Mike Davis
ISBN-10 1859842488
Year 2000-04-14
Pages 320
Language en
Publisher Verso
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Mike Davis's brilliant exegesis attempts to answer the question: Why has the world's most industrially advanced nation never spawned a mass party of the working class?

Forms of Fanonism

Forms of Fanonism Author Reiland Rabaka
ISBN-10 9780739140352
Year 2010-03-08
Pages 430
Language en
Publisher Lexington Books
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When Frantz Fanon's critiques of racism, sexism, colonialism, capitalism, and humanism are brought into the ever-widening orbit of Africana critical theory something unprecedented in the annals of Africana intellectual history happens: five distinct forms of Fanonism emerge. Forms of Fanonism: Frantz Fanon's Critical Theory and the Dialectics of Decolonization is discursively distinguished from other engagements of Fanon's thought and texts insofar as it is the first study to consciously examine his contributions to Africana Studies and critical theory or, rather, the Africana tradition of critical theory. Forms of Fanonism identifies and intensely analyzes Fanon's contributions to the deconstruction and reconstruction of Africana Studies, radical politics, and critical social theory. In highlighting his unique 'solutions' to the 'problems' of racism, sexism, colonialism, capitalism, and humanism, five distinct forms of Fanonism materialize. These five forms of Fanonism allow contemporary critical theorists to innovatively explore the ways in which his thought and texts can be dialectically put to use in relieving the wretched experience of this generation's wretched of the earth. Critics can also apply these forms to deconstruct and reconstruct Africana Studies, radical politics, and critical social theory using their anti-imperialist interests. Throughout Forms of Fanonism, Reiland Rabaka critically dialogues with Fanon, incessantly asking his corpus critical questions and seeking from it crucial answers. This book, in short, solemnly keeps with Fanon's own predilection for connecting critical theory to revolutionary praxis by utilizing his thought and texts as paradigms and points of departure to deepen and develop the Africana tradition of critical theory.

Dance of the Dialectic

Dance of the Dialectic Author Bertell Ollman
ISBN-10 0252071182
Year 2003
Pages 232
Language en
Publisher University of Illinois Press
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Bertell Ollman has been hailed as "this country's leading authority on dialectics and Marx's method" by Paul Sweezy, the editor of Monthly Review and dean of America's Marx scholars. In this book Ollman offers a thorough analysis of Marx's use of dialectical method. Marx made extremely creative use of dialectical method to analyze the origins, operation, and direction of capitalism. Unfortunately, his promised book on method was never written, so that readers wishing to understand and evaluate Marx's theories, or to revise or use them, have had to proceed without a clear grasp of the dialectic in which the theories are framed. The result has been more disagreement over "what Marx really meant" than over the writings of any other major thinker. In putting Marx's philosophy of internal relations and his use of the process of abstraction--two little-studied aspects of dialectics--at the center of this account, Ollman provides a version of Marx's method that is at once systematic, scholarly, clear, and eminently useful. Ollman not only sheds important new light on what Marx really meant in his varied theoretical pronouncements, but in carefully laying out the steps in Marx's method he makes it possible for a reader to put the dialectic to work in his or her own research. He also convincingly argues the case for why social scientists and humanists as well as philosophers should want to do so.

Inter Nationalism

Inter Nationalism Author Steven Salaita
ISBN-10 1517901421
Year 2016-11-15
Pages 208
Language en
Publisher
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"The age of transnational humanities has arrived." According to Steven Salaita, the seemingly disparate fields of Palestinian Studses and American Indian studies have more in common than one may think. In Inter/Nationalism, Salaita argues that American Indian and Indigenous studies must be more central to the scholarship and activism focusing on Palestine. Salaita offers a fascinating inside account of the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement--which, among other things, aims to end Israel's occupation of Palestinian land. In doing so, he emphasizes BDS's significant potential as an organizing entity as well as its importance in the creation of intellectual and political communities that put Natives and other colonized peoples such as Palestinians into conversation. His discussion includes readings of a wide range of Native poetry that invokes Palestine as a theme or symbol; the speeches of U.S. President Andrew Jackson and early Zionist thinker Ze'ev Jabotinsky; and the discourses of "shared values" between the United States and Israel. Inter/Nationalism seeks to lay conceptual ground between American Indian and Indigenous studies and Palestinian studies through concepts of settler colonialism, indigeneity, and state violence. By establishing Palestine as an indigenous nation under colonial occupation, this book draws crucial connections between the scholarship and activism of Indigenous America and Palestine.

Determinations

Determinations Author Neil Larsen
ISBN-10 1859843298
Year 2001
Pages 214
Language en
Publisher Verso
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Determinations employs a Marxist approach to examine postcolonial theory and provides critical readings of a range of postcolonial narratives, mainly Latin American. It argues that the national question remains an unresolved problem in this field, particularly in light of the confusions engendered by concepts of globalization, and that the cultural link between the ideas of nation and narrative remains a fruitful avenue of study. Taking issue with the approaches of theorists such as Homi Bhabha and Gayatri Spivak, Larsen takes the reader through the work of writers such as Cortazar, Carpentier, Garcia Marquez, Rulfo and Vargas Llosa. He concludes with a pungent reassessment of Benedict Anderson's classic work, Imagined Communities.

Decolonizing the Academy

Decolonizing the Academy Author Carole Boyce Davies
ISBN-10 159221066X
Year 2003
Pages 338
Language en
Publisher Africa World Press
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Decolonizing the Academy asserts that the academy is perhaps the most colonized space. At the same time the academy is a place of knowledge and transformation. As we move into the 21st century it is becoming clear that the academy is one of the primary sites for the production and reproduction of ideas that serve the interests of colonising powers. This collection of essays argues the possibility of re-engaging the decolonizing process at the level of knowledge and asserts that this is an ongoing project worthy of being undertaken in a variety of fields.

Critique of Black Reason

Critique of Black Reason Author Achille Mbembe
ISBN-10 0822363321
Year 2017-03-10
Pages 240
Language en
Publisher John Hope Franklin Center Book
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Eminent critic Achille Mbembe reevaluates history and racism, offering a capacious genealogy of the category of Blackness from the Atlantic slave trade to the present to show how the conjoining of the biological fiction of race with definitions of Blackness have been and continue to be used to uphold oppression."